It is quite common during winter to encounter a rodent that has made its way into your house uninvited. The matter which most people do not realize is that rats and mice invading homes can cause more than just nuisance. Rodents are considered to be associated with over 35 different diseases types, which they spread through various direct as well as indirect means. Their droppings can also trigger allergies and cause food poisoning. And the worst part is that the health threats continue to persist, even after the rats are long gone from the household.
Some of the dangerous health hazards posed by rats and mice are as follows:
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome – This deadly disease is transmitted by rats carrying the Hantavirus through their saliva, urine or faeces. Human may contract the illness when they inhale aerosolized virus. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome is conceivably fatal.
Rat-Bite Fever – It is an illness primarily caused by the bacterium Streptobacillus moniliformis, which can be spread through the bites or scratches of rats or consumption of food contaminated with their droppings.
Murine Typhus – Murine typhus, caused by Rickettsia typhi, is a disease occurring all around the world. It gets transferred to human beings by rat fleas. Travellers visiting rat-infested homes and buildings in riverine or harbour regions are at high risk of contracting the disease.
Salmonella – This illness is carried by mice and, if transmitted to humans, can cause diarrhoea, vomiting, nausea and abdominal cramps. These symptoms generally last for 7 days. In some cases, salmonella infections can even result in death of the patient if he or she is not treated in time with antibiotics.
Leptospirosis – Another bacterial disease affecting human beings, leptospirosis is caused bacteria belonging to genus Leptospira, and is generally carried by rats. The symptoms of this illness include acute headache, high fever, chills, muscle cramps, vomiting, jaundice, red eyes, diarrhoea, abdominal pain and rashes. The patient, if not treated, may develop meningitis, kidney failure, respiratory distress or liver dysfunction.
Eosinophilic Meningitis – Caused by a worm known as angiostrongylus cantonensis that lives within the lungs of rats, this disease is an brain infection that increases the number of white blood cells.
In order to prevent these health risks, it is essential to sought the services of a reputed pest management company for rat and rodent control in Melbourne. Regular inspections by professional pest controllers will ensure that these deadly pests stay away from your home.