Age-Related Hearing Loss: Definition, Cause & Treatment


Age-Related Hearing Loss-What is It?

Age related hearing loss is the hearing loss, which occurs in most of the people when they grow older. It is a very common condition that affects elderly as well as older children. About 1 in 5 people in Australia between ages sixty-five and seventy-four years has hearing loss and more than half of those who are more than seventy-five years of age have problems in hearing. There isn’t any cure for people who are experiencing hearing loss with old age. Treatment is only focused on improving the person’s everyday function with using devices like invisible hearing aids and telephone amplifiers.
Hearing Assessment Bulleen _Ace Audiology

Having difficulty hearing may make it hard to understand as well as follow the advice of a doctor, respond to the warning, doorbells, hear phones and the smoke alarms. Hearing loss may even make it quite difficult to enjoy talking with friends and family, leading to the feelings of isolation.

It is a hearing loss, which mostly occurs in both the ears. Since the loss in gradual, people experiencing this problem may not realize that they have lost some of their ability to hear.  There are various causes of this problem. Most commonly, it arises from changes in inner ear as people grow older but it can even result from changes in middle ear or from complicated changes along the nerve pathways from ear to brain. Some medications and medical conditions can even play a role.

Why Do People Lose Their Hearing When They Grow Older?

There are many factors, which contribute to age-related hearing loss. It may be hard to distinguish this kind of hearing loss from hearing loss, which may take place for several other reasons. Conditions, which are common in the older people like diabetes or high blood pressure, may contribute to the hearing loss. The medications, which are toxic to sensory cells in the ears, may even cause the problem to occur. Hardly age related hearing loss happens due to abnormalities out middle ear or outer ear. The abnormalities include reduced utility of tympanic membrane or a reduced function of three tiny bones in middle ear, which carry the sound waves from tympanic membrane to inner ear.

Treatment

Other than advanced hearing aids and telephone amplifiers that are often used for improving the condition of hearing among old people, speech reading and sign language are also used. However, a cochlear implant is recommended for people having severe hearing loss. Surgery is done for placing the implant. This surgery doesn’t restore normal hearing but the person can detect sounds and understand speech.

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